Lysmata wurdemanni LYSWUR-090194-RILCEC-002

This entry was posted on Thursday, September 1st, 1994 and is filed under Shrimps, Spawning Reports.

The Breeder’s Registry® Information contained in this report is taken from submittedobservations from aquarist unless noted otherwise (see comments). Information may be reproduced providing the Breeder’s Registry is cited.

Breeder ID: LYSWUR-090194-RILCEC-002

Date received: 9/1/94

Identification: Lysmata wurdemanni (Gibbes, 1850)

Geographic origin: Caribbean

Taxonomy: (after I.C.Z.N.)

Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Chelicerata

Class Malacostraca Subclass Eumalacostraca Super Order Eucarida

Order Decapoda Suborder Pleocyemata Infraorder Caridea

Family Hippolytidae

Genus Lysmata (Risso, 1816)

Species wurdemanni (Gibbes, 1850)

Broodstock notes: Adults collected in shallow water. Most abundant June – July when water temperature is 22 – 24 C.

Physical differences: Male is slightly larger

Adult diet: Chopped raw shrimp or baitfish. Fed twice daily

Pre-spawning activity: Reproductive year round. Temperature 19.4 – 30 C. Apparently able to change sex or reproduce without males.

Time spawning began: after molt

Area spawning occurred: not indicated

Frequency of spawning: 10 – 12 days

Egg(s) description: Bright green, clearly visible on pleopods.

Approximate quantity: 579 – 1707

Size: not indicated

Egg changes/development: eggs become a light tan color

Incubation period: 9 – 11 days

Time hatching occurred: night

Newly hatched appear: Poor swimmers, larvae float

Size of hatching larvae: 2.2 mm, yolk sac not present

Method removal/transfer: Adults removed after release

Spawning tank size(liter): 75 (15 – 20 individuals per tank)

Lighting & photo period: 12 hour. Type not indicated

Filtration: UGF, liverock. Lush growth of Caulerpa sp.

Additives & doses: none indicated

Water temperature: 19.4 – 30 C.

Specific gravity: 1.024 – .027

Fry development/changes: Within days large compound yes develop and largest pleopod (pair) becomes enlongated and paddle shaped. 7 major stages to metamorphosis (PL)

First food offered: newly hatched Artemia < 6 hours old

Second food offered: Artemia enriched with Isochrysis and Selcon®. Dependent on size

Survival at 4 weeks: 22%

Development description: Larvae do not all mature at same time. 40 – 65 days. Few shrimp are lost after metamorphosis and are moved to small aquariums with UGF.

Spawning tank size(liter): 20 (40 – 60 larvae / liter)

Comments: Information from Captive Spawning and Rearing of the Peppermint Shrimp (Lysmata wurdemanni). Riley, Cecilia M., 1994, SeaScope Volume 11 Summer 1994 (see suggested reading)

Original Description:

Word origin: Lysmata appears to be from the Greek roots Lys meaning loose and mat, -aeo, -eo, meaning foolish or idle. The species wurdemanni is apparently in reference to Wurdemann, (unknown) indicated by the Latin genitive ending -i. The literal translation for the genus seems a bit confusing and Lysmata may refer to the cleaner shrimps leaving the substrate (loose) to clean fish capable of eating them (foolish)The order Decapoda means “ten legs” (Deca indicating ten and pod meaning foot. The suborder Pleocyemata is from the Greek root(s); pleo meaning full, more; sail, swim; and cyem, -a, -ato, -I, meaning an embryo. The Infraorder Caridea is from the Latin root cari, -d, =s meaning shrimp The family Hippolytidae are the “cleaner” shrimp.. Hippolytidae appears to be a combination of hippo meaning “horse” and ly another word for loose, and idae being a standard suffix for an animal.

About this report: Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations. Taxonomy, Synonomy, Original description , Word origin and Suggested reading are provided by member(s) of The Breeder’s Registry staff. Information is presented under the belief that it is accurate. If you have information in addition to, or contrary to that presented you are encouraged to contact the Breeder’s Registry. Permission is granted for “one-time” personal use. Reproduction as distributed or accessible media is prohibited without prior written permission. All rights reserved. 1994

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