Centropyge loriculus CENLOR-021893-TYRSTE-001

This entry was posted on Thursday, February 18th, 1993 and is filed under Angelfishes, Spawning Reports.

The Breeder’s Registry© Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations from aquarist unless noted otherwise (see comments). Information may be reproduced providing the Breeder’s Registry is cited.

Breeder ID: CENLOR-021893-TYRSTE-001

Date received: 2/18/93

Identification: Centropyge loriculus (Günther 1874)

Geographic origin: Indo-Pacific 

Taxonomy: (after I.C.Z.N.)

Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata

Class Osteichthyes

Order Perciformes Superorder Teleostei

Family Pomacanthidae

Genus Centropyge

Species loriculus (Günther 1874)

Duration male(yr): 1.0

Size male (mm): 102

Duration female 1 (yr): 1.0

Size female 1 (mm): 76

Duration female 2 (yr): 1.0

Size female 2 (mm): 64

Broodstock notes: Trio in SPS reef tank

Physical differences: Male is larger, females have expanded abdomens when ready to spawn

Adult diet: Spirulina flakes, Formula 1 & 2®, live Artemia nauplii, and tank foraging

Pre-spawning activity: not indicated

Time spawning began: PM twilight

Area spawning occurred: open area above mini-reef

Frequency of spawning: every other night

Egg description: totally transparent with oil droplets

Approximate quantity: 200 – 400

Size: 0.55 – 0.60 mm

Egg changes / development: transparent larvae form inside egg, short incubation period

Incubation period: 16 hours

Time hatching occurred: 1700 hours

Size of hatching larvae: 1.6 mm

Yolk sac present?: yes

Newly hatched appearance: Almost 100% transparent, very difficult to see,; basically a large yolk with a tail.

Transfer / removal method:

Spawning tank size (liter): 670 Sides of tank covered? Yes

Lighting & photoperiod: 3 – 175 watt MH (13 hours). 2 – 140 watt actinic (13 hour) twilight (2 hour)

Filtration: Live rock, skimmer, trickle filter, mechanical / chemical

Additives and dosages: Liquid Gold®, Reef Plus®, Reef Calcium®, KSM®, VitaChem®, Kalkwasser and Super Iodine®

Water temperature (F): 79

Specific gravity: 1.022

pH: 8.3

Nitrate: < 0.25

Fry development / changes: Eye pigment @ day 4 followed by black pigmented spots on body. Day 5-6 silver white field above stomach

First food offered: Amphididinium carterae, various protozoa

Second food offered: too small for rotifers


1st week(%): 75%

2nd week: 0%

Development description: Large stomachs indicate overfeeding. Yolk sac absorbed by day 4

Rearing tank size (liter) 20

Sides of tank covered? Yes, black

Lighting & photoperiod: Fluorescent “shop light” (12 hours)

Filtration: None, only changed by siphoning

Additives and dosages: Maroxy®, VitaChem®

Water temperature (F): 79

Specific gravity:



Comments: Special handling is required to yield survival rate to day 4. Gentle circulation used to keep larvae in suspension. Larvae 2.8 mm at first feeding. Need an acceptable food. Word origin: Centr, -I, -o (Greek). The center; a point, spur. pygm, (Greek) dwarf. The common name “Pygmy” or Dwarf” angel is apparent from the word root pygm. Centro may be in reference to the spine (spur) at the angle (The center) of the preopercle. The genus loriculus appearsto be a combination of lori, (Malayan), a parrot, and -cul, =a, =um, =us (Latin), little. The Lori is a brilliant red parrot and again a word root (-culus) indicates something small.

The common name is “Flame Angel” which is attributed to the brilliant red color.

About this report: Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations. Taxonomy, Synonomy, Original description , Word origin and Suggested reading are provided by member(s) of The Breeder’s Registry staff. Information is presented under the belief that it is accurate. If you have information in addition to, or contrary to that presented you are encouraged to contact the Breeder’s Registry. Permission is granted for “one-time” personal use. Reproduction as distributed or accessible media is prohibited without prior written permission. All rights reserved. 1993

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