Amphiprion percula AMPPER-101094-MALDON-002

This entry was posted on Monday, October 10th, 1994 and is filed under Clownfishes, Spawning Reports.

The Breeder’s Registry© Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations from aquarist unless noted otherwise (see comments). Information may be reproduced providing the Breeder’s Registry is cited.


Breeder ID: AMPPER-101094-MALDON-002

Date received: 10/10/94

Identification: Amphiprion percula (Lacepède, 1802)

Geographic origin: Indo-Pacific


Taxonomy: (after I.C.Z.N.)

Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata

Class Osteichthyes

Order Perciformes Superorder Teleostei

Family Pomacentridae

Genus Amphiprion

Species percula (Lacepède, 1802)


Description: Bright orange with three (3) complete vertical white bars on the body; one located just behind the eye and extending over the preoperculum; one stripe at mid-body which approximately divides the dorsal fin. Mid-body the bar extends forward. The third bar is at the base of the caudal fin posterior to the dorsal fin. The bars are often bordered in black which varies in width and may extend from margin to margin replacing much of the orange coloration in some specimens. (A. Ocellaris does not have a thick black margin around the white bars) A. percula typically has 10 dorsal spines (9 is rare) and the spinous portion of the dorsal fin (anterior) is shorter than A. ocellaris (which also typically has 11 dorsal spines (10 is rare). The two species do not have overlapping ranges.  


Duration male(yr): 2.5

Size male (mm): 45

Duration female (yr): 2.5

Size female (mm): 70

Physical differences: Female is larger.

Adult diet: Fish King Reef-plus ®, 25% table shrimp, once per day (evening)

Pre-spawning activity: Both cleaned site at rock near anemone

Time spawning began: 1800 – 2100 hours

Area spawning occurred: At various rocks at base of Stichodactyla sp.

Frequency of spawning: 10 days

Egg Description: not described

Approximate quantity: ~ 300-500

Incubation: 8 days

Hatching time: ~ 1.5 hours after dark

Size of larvae: 2.1 mm

Larvae description: Body is clear, stomach is blue/silver

Transfer / removal method: not indicated  


Spawning tank size (liter): 110

Sides of tank covered? Yes, back (background)

Lighting & photo period: 1- 40 watt flourescent daylight, 1- 40 watt flourescent actinic (13 hours)

Filtration: Wet / dry , Skimmer, 3 powerheads

Additives and dosages: Instant Ocean, 15% 3-5 times weekly. RO make-up water

Water temperature: 79.9 F

Specific gravity: 1.023

pH: 8.0 – 8.2

Nitrate: none detected


Fry development / changes: Larvae turn from clear to black , then to a light tan/orange color and develop head bar. Next 1-3 weeks deveolp body band. 45 – 60 days all bands developed.

First Food Offered: rotifers , 15 – 20 / ml

Second Food Offered: newly hatched Artemia, day 3 – 5

Development description: Metamorphosis at 3 – 12 days


Rearing tank size (liter): 75

Sides covered?: Yes, black

Lighting & photo period: ambient (60 watt incandescent on ceiling)

Filtration: none until metamorphosis, then sponge filter

Additives & doses: Prime ®, 2 – 4 ml daily. Water is from parents tank.

Water temperature: 79 F

Specific gravity: 1.025

pH: 7.4 – 8.0

Nitrate: not indicated


Comments: Amphiprion percula was also described by Lacepede, 1802 as Lutjanus percula, which was validated by Allen in 1991 as Amphiprion percula. The original description appeared in Hist. Nat. Poiss. :194, 239, V. 4. The description was from specimens collected at Port Praslin, New Britain (now Papua New Guinea).

Word origin: Amphiprion is from the Greek roots amph, -i, -o, meaning Around, on both sides; double, and -prion which means a saw. The genus percula is from the Greek root perc, =a, -i , meaning an the Perch; and the Latin root -ul , =a, =e, =un, =us meaning little. Likewise, there is
also the Latin root -cula, =a, =um, =us which also means little. Other combinations of roots exist, however the translation seems less connected.

About this report: Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations. Taxonomy, Synonomy, Original description , Word origin and Suggested reading are provided by member(s) of The Breeder’s Registry staff. Information is presented under the belief that it is accurate. If you have information in addition to, or contrary to, that which is presented you are encouraged to contact The Breeder’s Registry. Permission is granted for “one-time” personal use. Reproduction as distributed or accessible media is prohibited without prior written permission.Copyright &copy 1994 The Breeder’s Registry. All rights reserved.

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