Amphiprion percula AMPPER-031894-BROSTA-001

This entry was posted on Tuesday, March 8th, 1994 and is filed under Clownfishes, Spawning Reports.

The Breeder’s Registry© Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations from aquarist unless noted otherwise (see comments). Information may be reproduced providing the Breeder’s Registry is cited.

Breeder ID: AMPPER-031894-BROSTA-001

Date received: 3/18/94

Identification: Amphiprion percula (Lacepède, 1802)

Geographic origin: Indo-Pacific

Taxonomy: (after I.C.Z.N.)

Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata

Class Osteichthyes

Order Perciformes Superorder Teleostei

Family Pomacentridae

Genus Amphiprion

Species percula (Lacepède, 1802)

Description: Bright orange with three (3) complete vertical white bars on the body; one located just behind the eye and extending over the preoperculum; one stripe at mid-body which approximately divides the dorsal fin. Mid-body the bar extends forward. The third bar is at the
base of the caudal fin posterior to the dorsal fin. The bars are often bordered in black which varies in width and may extend from margin to margin replacing much of the orange coloration in some specimens. (A. Ocellaris does not have a thick black margin around the white bars) A.
typically has 10 dorsal spines (9 is rare) and the spinous portion of the dorsal fin (anterior) is shorter than A. ocellaris (which also typically has 11 dorsal spines (10 is rare). The two species do not have overlapping ranges. 

Duration male(yr): 1.5

Size male (mm): 51

Duration female (yr): 1.5

Size female (mm): 83

Broodstock notes: Pair owned by other aquarist. Larvae were transferred upon hatching..

Physical differences: Female is larger, more robust. Male is smaller.

Adult diet: Mainly flake food and frozen foods.

Pre-spawning activity: Both cleaned site at base of anemone. Pair spawned in a heavily populated community tank.

Time spawning began: not indicated

Area spawning occurred: At base of Heteractis magnifica

Frequency of spawning: sporadic

Egg Description: not described

Approximate quantity: ~ 200

Incubation: 9 – 10 days

Time of hatching: after dark

Egg changes / development: Turned silver just prior to hatching

Newly hatched appearance: Dark bodies, silver stomachs, reflective eyes. Swim “head-up” in water column.

Transfer / removal method: Dipped out with a glass and poured into a bucket and transported 

Spawning tank size (liter): 375

Sides of tank covered? No

Lighting & photo period: 4 110-watt VHO flourescent daylight. 14 hours

Filtration: Wet / dry , Skimmer

Additives and dosages: none

Water temperature: 76 F

Specific gravity: 1.026

pH: 8.3

Nitrate: < 1 ppm

Fry development / changes: Day 4; body darkening with silver stomachs. Day 6; “wagging” swimming motion, tail beginning pigmentation. Day 11, metamorphosis. Head bar visible

First Food Offered: rotifers with microalgae

Second Food Offered: newly hatched Artemia, copepods day 7

Development description: Day 12, Center bar visible, orange coloration . Day 13,; juveniles. Day 15; Eating pulverized flake food. Day 27 ; moved to grow-out tank.

Rearing tank size (liter): 2.5

Sides covered?: Yes, black

Lighting & photo period: ambient (14 hours)

Filtration: none, rigid airline with slow stream of bubbles. 10% daily water changes via IV drip

Additives & doses: none. Instant Ocean ASW

Water temperature: 76-78 F

Specific gravity: 1.026

pH: 8.3

Nitrate: < 1 ppm

Comments: Grow-out was accomplished using Lustar (# F-210) breeder’s “baskets placed into “reef” type tank. Several larvae were mis-barred (incomplete, spots, missing). 9 – 13 mm at 60 days. Amphiprion percula was also described by Lacepede, 1802 as Lutjanus percula, which was validated by Allen in 1991 as Amphiprion percula. The original description appeared in Hist. Nat. Poiss. :194, 239, V. 4. The description was from specimens collected at Port Praslin , New Britain (now Papua New Guinea).

Word origin: Amphiprion is from the Greek roots amph, -i, -o, meaning Around, on both sides; double, and -prion which means a saw. The genus percula is from the Greek root perc, =a, -i , meaning an the Perch; and the Latin root -ul , =a, =e, =un, =us meaning little. Likewise, there is also the Latin root -cula, =a, =um, =us which also means little. Other combinations of roots exist, however the translation seems less connected.

About this report: Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations. Taxonomy, Synonomy, Original description , Word origin and Suggested reading are provided by member(s) of The Breeder’s Registry staff. Information is presented under the belief that it is accurate. If you have information in addition to, or contrary to, that which is presented you are encouraged to contact The Breeder’s Registry. Permission is granted for “one-time” personal use. Reproduction as distributed or accessible media is prohibited without prior written permission. Copyright &copy 1994 The Breeder’s Registry. All rights reserved.

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