Amphiprion frenatus AMPFRE-100494-CARPAU-002

This entry was posted on Tuesday, October 4th, 1994 and is filed under Clownfishes, Spawning Reports.

The Breeder’s Registry© Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations from aquarist unless noted otherwise (see comments). Information may be reproduced providing the Breeder’s Registry is cited.

Breeder ID: AMPFRE-100494-CARPAU-002

Date received: 10/04/94

Identification: Amphiprion frenatus (Brevoort, 1856)

Geographic origin: Pacific (Malaysia northwards towards Japan)  

Taxonomy: (after I.C.Z.N.)

Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata

Class Osteichthyes

Order Perciformes Superorder Teleostei

Family Pomacentridae

Genus Amphiprion

Species frenatus (Brevoort, 1856)

Description: One of the larger species of anemonefish attaining a maximum length of 140 mm. Females larger than males (typical) with red to blackish coloration on most of body with a single vertical white bar behind the eye . Male is generally redder. Juveniles may have 2 – 3 white bars. Commonly associated with the anemone Entacmaea quadricolor (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828). 

Duration male(yr): 3.5

Size male (mm): 62

Duration female (yr): 3.5

Size female (mm): 89

Physical differences: Female is larger

Adult diet: Shrimp, scallop, flakes. Fed 2 – 3 times per week

Pre-spawning activity: not indicated

Time spawning began: unknown

Area spawning occurred: rock near anemone, approximately 75 cm

below surfaceFrequency of spawning: every 5 weeks

Egg description: 50 mm circular mass

Approximate quantity: 150

Size: 0.5 mm (?)

Egg changes / development: not indicated

Incubation period: 9 days

Time hatching occurred: PM

Size of hatching larvae: ~ 1 mm

Yolk sac present? no

Newly hatched appearance: Swim near surface, attracted to light

Transfer / removal method: Moved rock with eggs to 280 liter tank  

Spawning tank size (liter): 1135

Sides of tank covered? No

Lighting & photo period: 4 – 175 metal halide (12 hours); 2 – 175 watt metal halide (4 hours); 10 – 20 watt actinic fluorescent (13 hours). Bulbs are changed annualy.

Filtration: Wet / dry, ozone, denitrator

Additives and dosages: Coralife ASW, Reef Builders® (SeaChem) Calcium level maintained a 450 – 500 mg/l, strontium. Make-up water is RO

Water temperature (F): 75

Specific gravity: 1.023

pH: 8.4

Nitrate: none detected

Fry development / changes: no survival

Survival 1st week(%): 0

Rearing tank size (liter): 280 ( 180cm x 76 cm x 91 cm)

Sides of tank covered? No

Lighting & photo period: Bulb type not indicated. 125 mm from surface

Filtration: not indicated

Water temperature (F): 75

Specific gravity: 1.023

pH: 8.4

Nitrate: none detected

Original description: Brevoort 1856, Perry Exped. v. 2 (fig. 4) from specimens collected at Okinawa, Ryukyu Is., Japan. Based on a drawing. Validated by Allen 1991. Later described as Prochilus polylepis, by Bleeker 1877 in Versl. Akad. Amsterdam (Ser. 2) v. 11 from specimens collected at Amboina, in southeast New Guinea. Synonym of Amphiprion frenatus.

Word origin: Amphiprion is from the Greek roots amph, -I, -o, meaning Around, on both sides; double, and -prion which means a saw. The genus frenatus is from the Latin root fren, -a, -at, =um, meaning bridle, probably in reference to the single head stripe.

Suggested Reading:

Hoff, Frank H., Conditioning, Spawning and rearing of Fish with Emphasis on Marine
, 1996, Aquaculture Consultants, Inc., 33418 Old Saint Joe Road, Dade City, FL
33525, USA, softbound, 212 pages.

Fautine, Daphine G. and Allen, Gerald R., Anemone Fishes and their Host Sea Anemones, 1994,
Tetra-Press, Tetra Werke, Dr. rer. Nat. Ulrich Baensch GmbH, P. O. Box 1580, D-49304 Mella,
Germany. Distributed in USA by TetraSales (Division of Warner Lambert), 3001 Commerce
Street, Blacksburg, VA 24060-6671, USA. WL-Code: 16088. ISBN 1-56465-118-5, hardbound,
157 pages.

About this report: Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations. Taxonomy, Synonomy, Original description , Word origin and Suggested reading are provided by member(s) of The Breeder’s Registry staff. Information is presented under the belief that it is accurate. If you have information in addition to, or contrary to that presented you are encouraged to contact the Breeder’s Registry. Permission is granted for “one-time” personal use. Reproduction as distributed or accessible media is prohibited without prior written permission. All rights reserved. 1997

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