Amphiprion frenatus AMPFRE-030199-ZEISUS-006
The Breeder’s Registry© Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations from aquarist unless noted otherwise (see comments). Information may be reproduced providing the Breeder’s Registry is cited.
Breeder ID: AMPFRE-030199-ZEISUS-006
Date received: 3/1/99
Identification: Amphiprion frenatus (Brevoort, 1856)
Geographic origin: Pacific (Malaysia northwards towards Japan)
Taxonomy: (after I.C.Z.N.)
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata
Order Perciformes Superorder Teleostei
Species frenatus (Brevoort, 1856)
Description: One of the larger species of anemonefish attaining a maximum length of 140 mm. Females larger than males (typical) with red to blackish coloration on most of body with a single vertical white bar behind the eye . Male is generally redder. Juveniles may have 2 – 3 white bars. Commonly associated with the anemone Entacmaea quadricolor (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828).
Length of time in captivity- male: 11 months
Size male (mm): 76
Length of time in captivity-female: 11 month
Size female (mm): 102
Adult diet: frozen brine shrimp and red worms, 3 – 4 times per week.
Pre-spawning activity: not indicated
Time spawning began: late evening to early morning
Area spawning occurred: near anemone on the side of a rock
Frequency of spawning: varied; 2 – 6 weeks
Egg description: very dark rose-pink
Approximate quantity: 100 – 300
Size: ~ 3 mm
Egg changes / development: Daily changes from dark rose to light pink to a pink/gray color. Eyes went from little black pinpoints to large silver disks.
Incubation period: 12 – 14 days
Time hatching occurred: no hatching. Male has eaten each nest
Transfer / removal method: Twice eggs were transfered using a bowl (never exposed to air). 10 times left with parents.
Spawning tank size (liter): 110
Sides of tank covered? no (although once covered tank with black paper)
Lighting & photo period: 175 watt Diamond Horticulture light (German). 14 hours. Bulb ~ 25 cm from surface
Filtration: Central CPR Aquatic Bak-Pak SM2.
Additives and dosages: Instant Ocean ® ASW. 15% changed weekly. Make water is aged tap water. Iodine, 8 drops per day [calculated 0.47 – 0.94 ppm/day added to tank (based on 5% KI)]
Water temperature (F): 78 ðF
Specific gravity: 1.024
pH: 8.2 – 8.4
Nitrate: 5 – 10 ppm
Original description: Brevoort 1856, Perry Exped. v. 2 (fig. 4) from specimens collected at Okinawa, Ryukyu Is., Japan. Based on a drawing. Validated by Allen 1991. Later described as Prochilus polylepis, by Bleeker 1877 in Versl. Akad. Amsterdam (Ser. 2) v. 11 from specimens
collected at Amboina, in southeast New Guinea. Synonym of Amphiprion frenatus.
Word origin: Amphiprion is from the Greek roots amph, -I, -o, meaning Around, on both sides; double, and -prion which means a saw. The genus frenatus is from the Latin root fren, -a, -at, =um, meaning bridle, probably in reference to the single head stripe.
Fautine, Daphine G. and Allen, Gerald R., Anemone Fishes and their Host Sea Anemones, 1994,
Tetra-Press, Tetra Werke, Dr. rer. Nat. Ulrich Baensch GmbH, P. O. Box 1580, D-49304 Mella,
Germany. Distributed in USA by TetraSales (Division of Warner Lambert), 3001 Commerce
Street, Blacksburg, VA 24060-6671, USA. WL-Code: 16088. ISBN 1-56465-118-5, hardbound,
Hoff, Frank H., Conditioning, Spawning and rearing of Fish with Emphasis on Marine
Clownfish, 1996, Aquaculture Consultants, Inc., 33418 Old Saint Joe Road, Dade City, FL
33525, USA, softbound, 212 pages.
Moe, Martin A., The Marine Aquarium Reference: systems and invertebrates, Green Turtle
Publications, Plantation, FL 33318 USA 1989 ISBN 0-939960-05-2 : 21.95
Wilkerson, Joyce D., 1998, Clownfishes: A Guide to their Captive Care, Breeding & Natural History, Microcosm Ltd., Shelburne, Vermont. ISBN 1-890087-04-1 softbound, 240 pages.
About this report: Information contained in this report is taken from submitted observations. Taxonomy, Synonomy, Original description , Word origin and Suggested reading are provided by member(s) of The Breeder’s Registry staff. Information is presented under the belief that it is
accurate. If you have information in addition to, or contrary to that presented you are encouraged to contact the Breeder’s Registry. Permission is granted for “one-time” personal use. Reproduction as distributed or accessible media is prohibited without prior written permission. All rights reserved. 1999